Target professions

Target profession Job description

Green abilities required

ISCO-08 2133: Environmental protection professionals (incl. Ecologists):
Environmental protection professionals study and assess the effects on the environment of human activity such as air, water and noise pollution, soil contamination, climate change, toxic waste and depletion and degradation of natural resources.
They develop plans and solutions to protect, conserve, restore, minimize and prevent further damage to the environment.

Tasks include:
  1. conducting research, performing tests, collecting samples, performing field and laboratory analysis to identify sources of environmental problems and recommending ways to prevent, control and remediate the impact of environmental problems;
  2. assessing the likely impact that potential or proposed activities, projects and developments may have on the environment, and recommending whether such developments should proceed;
  3. developing and coordinating the implementation of environmental management systems to enable organizations to identify, monitor and control the impact of their activities, products and services on the environment;
  4. conducting audits to evaluate environmental impact of existing activities, processes, wastes, noises and substances;
  5. assessing an organization's compliance with government and internal environmental regulations and guidelines, identifying violations and determining appropriate remedial action;
  6. providing technical advice and support services to organizations on how best to deal with environmental problems in order to reduce environmental damage and minimize financial loss;
  7. developing conservation plans.


Green abilities required

ISCO-08 2131: Biologists, botanists, zoologists and related professionals:
Biologists, botanists, zoologists and related professionals study living organisms and their interactions with each other and with the environment, and apply this knowledge to solve human health and environmental problems.
They work in diverse fields such as botany, zoology, ecology, marine biology, genetics, immunology, pharmacology, toxicology, physiology, bacteriology and virology.

Tasks include:
  1. undertaking research in laboratories and in the field to increase scientific knowledge of living organisms; to discover new information; to test hypotheses; to solve problems in areas such as the environment, agriculture and health; and to develop new products, processes and techniques for pharmaceutical, agricultural and environmental use;
  2. designing and conducting experiments and tests;
  3. gathering human, animal, insect and plant specimens and data, and studying their origin, development, chemical and physical form, structure, composition, and life and reproductive processes;
  4. examining living organisms using a variety of specialised equipment, instruments, technologies and techniques such as electron microscopes, telemetry, global positioning systems, biotechnology, satellite imaging, genetic engineering, digital imaging analysis, polymerase chain reaction and computer modelling;
  5. identifying, classifying, recording and monitoring living organisms and maintaining databases;
  6. writing scientific papers and reports detailing research and any new findings which are then made available to the scientific community in scientific journals or at conferences for scrutiny and further debate;
  7. designing and carrying out environmental impact assessments to identify changes caused by natural or human factors;
  8. providing advice to governments, organizations and businesses in areas such as conservation, management of natural resources, the effects of climate change and pollution.

Managing directors
and chief executives

Green abilities required

ISCO-08 1120: Managing directors and chief executives:
Managing directors and chief executives formulate and review the policies and plan, direct, coordinate and evaluate the overall activities of enterprises or organizations (except special interest organizations and government departments) with the support of other managers, usually within guidelines established by a board of directors or a governing body to whom they are answerable for the operations undertaken and results. Their knowledge and skills have to meet the requirements of at least EQF level 6.

Tasks include:
  1. planning, directing and coordinating the general functioning of an enterprise or organization;
  2. reviewing the operations and results of the enterprise, or organization, and reporting to boards of directors and governing bodies;
  3. determining objectives, strategies, policies and programs for the enterprise or organization;
  4. providing overall direction and management to organizations
  5. establishing and managing budgets, controlling expenditure and ensuring the efficient use of resources;
  6. authorising material, human and financial resources to implement organizational policies and programs;
  7. monitoring and evaluating performance of the organization or enterprise against established objectives and policies;
  8. consulting with senior subordinate staff and reviewing recommendations and reports;
  9. representing the organization at official occasions, in negotiations, at conventions, seminars, public hearings and forums;
  10. selecting, or approving the selection of senior staff;
  11. ensuring the organization complies with relevant legislation and regulations.

Sales, marketing
and development managers

Green abilities required

ISCO-08 122: Sales, marketing and development managers:
Their knowledge and skills have to meet the requirements of at least EQF level 6.

Tasks include:
  1. Formulating and implementing policies and plans for advertising, public relations;
  2. product development, sales and marketing in consultation with other managers;
  3. directing the development of initiatives for new products or scientific research; marketing, public relations and advertising campaigns;
  4. determining and directing sales activities, product mix, customer service standards and merchandising methods and distribution policy;
  5. setting prices and credit arrangements;
  6. establishing and managing budgets;
  7. controlling expenditure to ensure the efficient use of resources; overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff;
  8. representing the enterprise or organization at conventions, trade exhibitions and other forums

Manufacturing managers

Green abilities required

ISCO-08 1321: Manufacturing managers
Their knowledge and skills have to meet the requirements of at least EQF level 6.

Tasks include:
  1. determining, implementing and monitoring production strategies, policies and plans;
  2. planning details of production activities in terms of output quality and quantity, cost, time available and labour requirements;
  3. controlling the operation of production plant and quality procedures through planning of maintenance, designation of operating hours and supply of parts and tools;
  4. establishing and managing budgets, monitoring production output and costs, and adjusting processes and resources to minimize costs;
  5. consulting with and informing other managers about prod production matters;
  6. overseeing the acquisition and installation of new plant and equipment;
  7. controlling the preparation of production records and reports;
  8. coordinating the implementation of occupational health and safety requirements;
  9. identifying business opportunities and determining products to be manufactured;
  10. researching and implementing regulatory and statutory
  11. overseeing the provision of quotes for the manufacture of specialized goods and establishing contracts with customers and suppliers;
  12. overseeing the selection, training and performance of staff.

Tasks include also:
  • Confer with supervisory personnel, owners, contractors, or design professionals to discuss and resolve matters, such as work procedures, complaints, or construction problems
  • Plan, schedule, or coordinate construction project activities to meet deadlines
  • Prepare and submit budget estimates, progress reports, or cost tracking reports
  • Inspect or review projects to monitor compliance with building and safety codes, or other regulations
  • Inspect or review projects to monitor compliance with environmental regulations.
Green Task Statement:
  • Plan, organize, or direct activities concerned with the construction or maintenance of structures, facilities, or systems
  • Study job specifications to determine appropriate construction methods
  • Investigate damage, accidents, or delays at construction sites to ensure that proper construction procedures are being followed
  • Prepare contracts or negotiate revisions to contractual agreements with architects, consultants, clients, suppliers, or subcontractors
  • Develop or implement quality control programs. Product is the responsibility of the business, creates an avenue in which the managers can see ways in which they can reduce the use of resources through recycling and product construction.

Health service managers

Green abilities required

ISCO-08 1342: Health service managers:
Health service managers plan, direct coordinate and evaluate the provision of clinical and community health, care services in hospitals, clinics, public health agencies and similar organizations. Their knowledge and skills have to meet the requirements of at least EQF level 6.

Tasks include:
  1. providing overall direction and management for the service, facility, organization or centre;
  2. directing, supervising and evaluating the work activities of medical, nursing, technical, clerical, service, maintenance, and other personnel;
  3. establishing objectives and evaluative or operational criteria for units they manage;
  4. directing or conducting recruitment, hiring and training of personnel;
  5. developing, implementing and monitoring procedures, policies and performance standards for medical, nursing, technical and administrative staff;
  6. monitoring the use of diagnostic services, inpatient beds, facilities, and staff to ensure effective use of resources and assess the need for additional staff, equipment, and services;
  7. controlling administrative operations such as budget planning, report preparation and expenditure on supplies, equipment and services;
  8. liaising with other health and welfare service providers, boards and funding bodies to coordinate the provision of services;
  9. advising government bodies about measures to improve health and welfare services and facilities;
  10. representing the organization in negotiations, and at conventions, seminars, public hearings and forums.

Agricultural and forestry production managers

Green abilities required

ISCO-08 1311: Agricultural and forestry production managers
Agricultural and forestry production managers plan, direct, and coordinate production in large scale agricultural, horticultural and forestry operations such as plantations, large ranches, collective farms and agricultural co-operatives to grow and harvest crops, and breed and raise livestock.

Tasks include:
  1. monitoring agricultural and forestry market activity and planning production to meet contract requirements and market demand;
  2. establishing and managing budgets, monitoring production output and costs, recording information such as farm management practices, and preparing financial and operational reports;
  3. conferring with buyers to arrange for the sale of crops and livestock;
  4. contracting with farmers or independent owners for production of crops and livestock, or for management of production;
  5. planning the type, intensity and sequence of farm operations (e.g. determining the best times for planting, spraying and harvesting);
  6. analysing soil to determine types and quantities of fertilizer required for maximum production;
  7. purchasing machinery, equipment, and supplies such as tractors, seed, fertilizer, and chemicals;
  8. identifying and controlling agricultural and forest environmental toxins, weeds, pests and diseases;
  9. organizing farming operations such as maintaining buildings, water supply systems and equipment;
  10. directing and coordinating activities such as planting, irrigation, chemical application, harvesting, and grading;
  11. inspecting plantations and fields to determine maturity dates of crops, or to estimate potential crop damage from weather;
  12. overseeing the selection, training and performance of agricultural and forestry staff and contractors;
  13. presenting lectures and conducting discussions to increase knowledge and competence of other agricultural and forestry staff, and conducting environmental education;
  14. cooperating in associations to promote and increase competitiveness of the sector.

Training and staff development professionals

Green abilities required

ISCO-08 2424: Training and staff development professionals
Training and staff development professionals plan, develop, implement and evaluate training and development programs to ensure management and staff acquire the skills and develop the competencies required by organizations to meet organizational objectives.

Tasks include:
  1. identifying training needs and requirements of individuals and organizations;
  2. setting human resource development objectives and evaluating learning outcomes;
  3. preparing and developing instructional training material and aids such as handbooks, visual aids, online tutorials, demonstration models, and supporting training reference documentation;
  4. designing, coordinating, scheduling and conducting training and development programs that can be delivered in the form of individual and group instruction, and facilitating workshops, meetings, demonstrations and conferences;
  5. liaising with external training providers to arrange delivery of specific training and development programs;
  6. promoting internal and external training and development, and evaluating these promotional activities;
  7. monitoring and performing ongoing evaluation and assessment of internal and external training quality and effectiveness, and reviewing and modifying training objectives, methods and course deliverables;
  8. gathering, investigating and researching background materials to gain an understanding of various subject matters and systems.

Vocational education teachers

Green abilities required

ISCO-08 2320: Vocational education teachers
Vocational education teachers teach or instruct vocational or occupational subjects in adult and further education institutions and to senior students in secondary schools and colleges. They prepare students for employment in specific occupations or occupational areas for which university or higher education is not normally required.

Tasks include:
  1. developing curricula and planning course content and methods of instruction;
  2. determining training needs of students or workers and liaising with individuals, industry and other educatoin sectors to ensure provision of relevant education and training programs;
  3. presenting lectures and conducting discussions to increase students' knowledge and competence;
  4. insructing and monitoring students in the use of tools, equipment and materials and the prevention of injury and damage;
  5. observing and evaluating students' work to determine progress, provide feedback, and make suggestions for improvement;
  6. administering oral, written or performance tests to measure progress, evaluate training effectiveness and assess competency;
  7. preparing reports and maintaining records such as student grades, attendance rolls, and training activity details;
  8. supervising independent or group projects, field placements, laboratory work, or other training;
  9. providing individualized instruction and tutorial or remedial instruction;
  10. conducting on-the-job training sessions to teach and demonstrate principles, techniques, procedures, or methods of designated subjects.

Secondary education teachers

Green abilities required

ISCO-08 2330: Secondary education teachers
Secondary education teachers teach one or more subjects at secondary education level, excluding subjects intended to prepare students for employment in specific occupational areas.

Tasks include:
  1. designing and modifying curricula and preparing educational courses of study in accordance with curriculum guidelines;
  2. establishing and enforcing rules for behavior and procedures for maintaining order among students;
  3. preparing and giving lessons, discussions, and demonstrations in one or more subjects;
  4. establishing clear objectives for all lessons, units, and projects and communicating those objectives to students;
  5. preparing materials and classrooms for class activities;
  6. adapting teaching methods and instructional materials to meet students' varying needs and interests;
  7. observing and evaluating students’ performance and behaviour;
  8. preparing, administering and marking tests, assignments and examinations to evaluate pupils' progress;
  9. preparing reports about pupils' work and conferring with other teachers and parents;
  10. participating in meetings concerning the school's educational or organizational policies;
  11. planning, organizing and participating in school activities such as excursions, sporting events and concerts.

Electrical engineers

Green abilities required

ISCO-08 2151: Electrical engineers
Electrical engineers conduct research and advise on, design, and direct the construction and operation of electrical systems, components, motors and equipment, and advise on and direct their functioning, maintenance and repair, or study and advise on technological aspects of electrical engineering materials, products and processes.

Tasks include:
  1. advising on and designing power stations and systems which generate , transmit and distribute electrical power;
  2. supervising, controlling and monitoring the operation of electrical generation, transmission and distribution systems;
  3. advising on and designing systems for electrical motors, electrical traction and other equipment, or electrical domestic appliances;
  4. specifying electrical installation and application in industrial and other buildings and objects;
  5. establishing control standards and procedures to monitor performance and safety of electrical generating and distribution systems, motors and equipment;
  6. determining manufacturing methods for electrical systems, as well as maintenance and repair of existing electrical systems, motors and equipment.

Environmental engineers

Green abilities required

ISCO-08 2143: Environmental engineers
Environmental engineers conduct research, advise on, design and direct implementation of solutions to prevent, control or remedy negative impacts of human activity on the environment utilizing a variety of engineering disciplines. They conduct environmental assessments of construction and civil engineering projects and apply engineering principles to pollution control, recycling and waste disposal.

Tasks include:
  1. conducting research, assessing and reporting on the environmental impact of existing and proposed construction, civil engineering and other activities;
  2. inspecting industrial and municipal facilities and programs to evaluate operational effectiveness and ensure compliance with environmental regulations;
  3. designing and overseeing the development of systems, processes and equipment for control, management, or remediation of water, air, or soil quality;
  4. providing environmental engineering assistance in network analysis, regulatory analysis, and planning or reviewing database development;
  5. obtaining, updating, and maintaining plans, permits, and standard operating procedures;
  6. providing engineering and technical support for environmental remediation and litigation projects, including remediation system design and determination of regulatory applicability;
  7. monitoring progress of environmental improvement programs;
  8. advising corporations and government agencies of procedures to follow in cleaning up contaminated sites to protect people and the environment;
  9. collaborating with environmental scientists, planners, hazardous waste technicians, engineers from other disciplines, and specialists in law and business to address environmental problems.

Mechanical engineers

Green abilities required

ISCO-08 2144: Mechanical engineers
Mechanical engineers conduct research; advise on, design, and direct production of machines, aircraft, ships, machinery and industrial plant, equipment and systems; advise on and direct their functioning, maintenance and repair; or study and advise on mechanical aspects of particular materials, products or processes.

Tasks include:
  1. advising on and designing machinery and tools for manufacturing, mining, construction, agricultural, and other industrial purposes;
  2. advising on and designing steam, internal combustion and other non-electric motors and engines used for propulsion of railway locomotives, road vehicles or aircraft, or for driving industrial or other machinery;
  3. advising on and designing: hulls, superstructures and propulsion systems of ships; mechanical plant and equipment for the release, control and utilization of energy; heating, ventilation and refrigeration systems, steering gear, pumps, and other mechanical equipment;
  4. advising on and designing airframes, undercarriages and other equipment for aircraft as well as suspension systems, brakes, vehicle bodies and other components of road vehicles;
  5. advising on and designing non-electrical parts of apparatus or products such as word processors, computers, precision instruments, cameras and projectors;
  6. establishing control standards and procedures to ensure efficient functioning and safety of machines, machinery, tools, motors, engines, industrial plant, equipment, or systems;
  7. ensuring that equipment, operation and maintenance comply with design specifications and safety standards.

Civil engineers

Green abilities required

ISCO-08 2142: Civil engineers
Civil engineers conduct research, advise on, design, and direct construction; manage the operation and maintenance of civil engineering structures; or study and advise on technological aspects of particular materials.

Tasks include:
  1. conducting research and developing new or improved theories and methods related to civil engineering;
  2. advising on and designing structures such as bridges, dams, docks, roads, airports, railways, canals, pipelines, waste-disposal and flood-control systems, and industrial and other large buildings;
  3. determining and specifying construction methods, materials and quality standards, and directing construction work;
  4. establishing control systems to ensure efficient functioning of structures as well as safety and environmental protection;
  5. organising and directing maintenance and repair of existing civil engineering structures;
  6. analyzing the behaviour of soil and rock when placed under pressure by proposed structures and designing structural foundations;
  7. analyzing the stability of structures and testing the behaviour and durability of materials used in their construction.

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. The responsibility for the contents of this website reflects the views only of the authors, the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use of the information contained therein.